Image Studies

Image Studies

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KEYWORDS: Optics / Ottoman miniature painting


OPTICS 
is the branch of physics which studies the behaviour and properties of light, usually visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light, and the technical instruments that use or detect it. The optics of photography, for example, involves both lenses and the medium in which the light waves are recorded, whether it be a plate, film, or electronic image sensor. The history of optics is a long one, beginning with the development of lenses by the ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians, and followed by theoretical investigations by early Greek philosophers. Today, practical applications of optics are found in a variety of technologies and everyday objects, such as mirrors, lenses, telescopes, microscopes, lasers, and fibre optics.

_319, 5/26/05, 11:37 AM,  8C, 3080x4856 (452+74), 62%, Default Settin,  1/40 s, R66.2, G49.3, B63.2

Illustrations of various optical instruments from the 1728 Cyclopaedia

OTTOMAN MINIATURE PAINTING or Turkish miniature is an art form from the Ottoman Empire, with the oldest dating from the 6th century. They are linked to the Persian miniature tradition and also show strong Chinese influences. Together with illumination, calligraphy, marbling, and bookbinding, miniature painting was one of the constituents of Ottoman book arts. The paintings were made by a group of head painters and apprentices, with no individual artists named. The miniatures, though prominent, were created and grounded in the context of the book in which they were included, functioning as illustrations rather than standalone works of art.

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